|Culture-Based Fisheries in Rawa lebak lebung, South Sumatera, is it Applicable?
|Prof. Dr. Arif Satria S.P., M.Si., sulistiono, i maa'aruf, M kamal
Rawa lebak lebung is a part of inland waters in South Sumatera which mostly used as the auction object, by granting a monopoly on fishing to Pengemin (auction winners). As an open-access resource, allowing a monopoly is considered to prevent conflicts of resource struggle and overuse. But in practice, the auction is precisely the cause of overexploitation, and the local community loses access to fishing. This study is intended to describe the suitability of Culture-Based Fisheries (CBF) implementation in the rawa lebak lebung in Ogan Komering Ilir (OKI) Regency based on practices under the auction regime, water quality, and aquatic biota communities. Increasing fish stocks and community involvement with CBF possible to develop with some adapted. This concept is carried out by spreading fish seeds to grow and harvest following fishing seasons, where local communities play an essential role. The analysis shows that the stock enhancement can be carried out in a limited way of the seed stocked. Poor swamp water quality requires the process of adaptation of seeds to be stocked. Community involvement is carried out by managing hatcheries, whose production is purchased by pengemin as an obligation to restore the environment. Keywords: culture-based fisheries, community-based fisheries management, inland fisheries, lelang lebak lebung, rawa lebak lebung.